The picture above is reputed to be the world’s first photograph. It was taken in 1826 and was developed by French photographer Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. He called this process “heliography” or sun drawing and the entire process took eight hours.
The next picture below is reputed to be the world’s first color photograph. Taken by by Louis Ducos du Hauron in 1872, the photo is of a view of Angouleme in Southern France.